Immunotherapy or biotherapy is the treatment which uses certain parts of the immune system to fight off cancer. This can be made possible by either stimulating the person’s immune system to work harder against the cancer cells, or by giving the patient man-made immune system proteins to battle cancer. Over the past few decades, immunotherapy has played an important role in the treatment of various cancers. There are also new types of immune treatments being studied which will be beneficial for cancer patients in the future.
Immunotherapy for Cancer Treatment
Some immunotherapy treatments help boost the immune system, others help train the immune system to attack cancer cells. It is also a fact that immunotherapy works better on some cancers than others. It can be used as a single mode of treatment or alongside other cancer treatments.
Types of Immunotherapy Cancer Treatment
The following are some of the types of immunotherapy treatment for cancer patients.
Antibodies are molecules that flag proteins within the body as invaders. The antibody then recruits other parts of the immune system to eradicate the infected cells. It is possible for researchers to create antibodies in a lab, which are known as ‘Monoclonal antibodies.’
- Monoclonal antibodies work differently. Naked monoclonal antibodies are the most common type used in cancer treatment. This type of antibody doesn’t have anything attached to them, and inform the immune system to either attack cancer cells or block the proteins within the tumors which help the cancer cell grow.
- Conjugated monoclonal antibodies include an anti-cancer protocol attached to them. These antibodies attach directly to cancerous cells. This means that the chances of side effects are lowered since the treatment goes directly to the cancer cells. It is usually used alongside chemotherapy.
- Biospecific monoclonal antibodies have been designed to bind themselves to two different types of proteins simultaneously. Mainly, the cancer cell itself, and the immune system cell, thereby enhancing the ability of the immune system attack on the cancer cell. This treatment is mostly administered intravenously, and the doctor may also pair it with another treatment such as hormone or chemo therapy. Get a referral to a natural cancer clinic which uses immunotherapy.
Monoclonal antibodies can be used for the treatment of Stomach cancer, Prostate cancer, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Melanoma, Lung cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Head and neck cancers, Colorectal cancer, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Breast cancer and Brain cancer. Other forms of immunotherapy work by boosting the immune system. These fall in different classes of drugs such as:
- Interleukins – A molecule produced by some immune cells used to control the growth and activity of the immune cells.
- Interferons – Also a type of cytokine which is designed to alter the way the immune system works while fighting cancer cells.
- Colony stimulating factors – These stimulate the immune system by boosting the production of white blood cells in the bone marrow.
- Other drugs – Such as imiquimomd or Zyclara, Pomalidomide or Pomalyst, Lenalidomide or Revlimid, all help kick start the immune system’s reactions while dealing with cancer.
Since the drugs are designed to rev up the immune system, they may also lead to a range of side effects including coughing, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and problems with the kidneys, liver, and lungs. BUT most importantly, immunotherapy is an effective, non-toxic, anti-cancer protocol.